Best Dermatologist in Mumbai for Pigmentation
Our skin gets its colour from a brown coloured pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for the skin tone we have. People with too white skin have less amounts of melanin while people with dark skin have substantial amounts of melanin present in their skin. This skin pigment is produced by some special cells in our body. These cells are called melanocytes and they produce melanin by oxidizing an amino acid called tyrosine. When these special cells or melanocytes get damaged, it affects the production of melanin, thereby affecting the colour of our skin. Some disorders just affect some patches while others affect the whole body. When such hyperpigmentation occurs in the face, it is called face pigmentation. For face pigmentation or hyperpigmentation treatment India has seen people investing uselessly in beauty creams to improve the colour and texture of the skin without consulting doctors.
Cause of skin hyperpigmentation
There are various factors that affect out skin tone. For instance, exposure to sunlight makes the skin dark. Conditions like pregnancy and Addison’s disease also make the skin dark. Other conditions that make the skin light coloured are albinism, a genetic condition, or vitiligo, which causes patches of lighter coloured skin. Even injuries like blisters and burns can cause the skin to get a lighter tone.
Now hyperpigmentation is the condition where skin produces more melanin, resulting in darker tone of the skin. This may happen through the body or in patches. The biggest problem with hyperpigmentation arises when skin gets dark in an uneven manner. And the problem seems more and more serious when the face is affected by hyperpigmentation.
Types of skin hyperpigmentation
Some of the common skin hyperpigmentation disorders are:
- Lentigines skin hyperpigmentation– Lentigines is the plural of lentigo, which basically means a dark spot on the skin. This is caused by hyperplasia or increase in number of the melanin producing cells called melanocytes. Also known as liver spots, this mainly affects the skin of the face and the back of our hands. The incidence of this condition tends to increase with age and therefore these lesions are quite common in skin of older people. Sunlight exposure is thought to be a cause and therefore use of sunscreen on the exposed area of the skin is advisable.
These lesions tend to be smaller than 2 cm in diameter but are not painful. A lot of treatments exist for these liver spots. New age treatments include Cryotherapy while laser has been used conventionally to get rid of these spots from the facial skin for quite some time now. Centres in Mumbai offer good and cheap face pigmentation and hyperpigmentation treatment in India. In fact, cryotherapy is available in only some selected centres in Mumbai and it is one of the few cities with this treatment available.
- Melasma– This condition is the discolouration of the skin which is fairly common during pregnancy. It is also common who have the habit of consuming oral contraceptives in large amounts or those undergoing hormone replacement. It is thought to be caused by the stimulation of melanocytes by female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Common symptoms include hyperpigmented patches in various parts of the facial skin like the forehead, lips and nose. Apart from dark patches on the skin, there is no other symptom of melasma.
Treatment of this condition of the skin includes topical agents like hydroquinone, or chemical peels. Lasers can be used as a treatment of this condition too. However IPL laser specifically is thought to aggravate the condition on skin. Mumbai centres offer chemical peels, laser treatments and even microdermabrasion treatments, which is a new procedure of face pigmentation treatment in India.
These are some of the more common hyperpigmentation disorders that affect the face. These conditions are very treatable with the right kind of treatment for the type of skin. In terms of face pigmentation treatment India is quite advanced and has been delivering very satisfying results. Especially dermatological centres in Mumbai have some of the best doctors and dermatologists who can take care of your face pigmentation problems.
Dr Rinky Kapoor is a leading dermatologist in the country who is a visiting faculty at some of the prestigious institutions in the world. She has worked with some of the best dermatologists in the world at Stanford Medical School and National Skin Centre in Singapore. Therefore for face pigmentation treatment Mumbai is the best place to be. This is where you can consult Dr Rinky Kapoor, who has cofounded The Esthetic Clinics in Mumbai and is also its Head of the Department for Cosmetic Dermatology and Lasers. Therefore, you know if you are looking for face pigmentation treatment, you are in expert hands.