Vitiligo Treatment in India
Vitiligo is a skin disease which can affect almost any part of the skin. Vitiligo results in the loss of skin pigments in patches, and typically affects both sides of the body. Vitiligo happens due to the loss of pigment cells called melanocytes. It also occurs in mucous membranes, and hence can affect the insides of the mouth and eyes as well.Vitiligo occurs in all skin types but because the patches are white, it is more noticeable in people with dark skin. And that is why a lot of people in the country are concerned about this affliction. When it comes to Vitiligotreatment India sees a huge number of patients.
Although vitiligo doesn’t cause any physical harm, it causes stress and a loss of self-image and confidence in the patient. Therefore, vitiligo treatment is something more and more people seek.
Cause of Vitiligo
The exact cause of vitiligo is not known but it is believed to be an autoimmune disease. That is, the immune system mistakes some part of the body as an enemy and attacks it. There might be a certain genetic component as well, which might get activated on exposure to certain environmental factors that result in said autoimmune condition. Certain risk factors of vitiligo that have been are cited, are hyperthyroidism, pernicious anemia, alopecia areata, or crucially, a family history of autoimmune conditions. Vitiligo is known to run in families. Therefore, you might be afflicted with vitiligo if someone in your family has the condition. With vitiligo treatment India has seen many patients with someone in their family suffering from the same condition. Therefore doctors here will always ask about your family’s medical history.
Associated Symptoms of vitiligo
The primary symptom of vitiligo is the loss of skin color in patches. The discoloration can occur anywhere but the process generally begins in the places that are exposed to the sun, such as hands and legs, scalp, mouth, nostrils, eyes, etc. Premature whitening or the graying of scalp hair is also a sign to look out for for the onset of vitiligo. The patches grow slowly and change shape. Sometimes there is increased pigmentation around the patch edges as well. Therefore it is necessary to seek vitiligo treatment.
Vitiligo normally begins around the age of twenty. There are specific names given to vitiligo depending on their location and extent: covering many parts of the body, symmetrically- generalized vitiligo; only one side/ part of the body – segmental vitiligo; one area only or a few areas- focal vitiligo, etc. When it comes to vitiligo treatment India does not have people who are totally aware of what this disease entails.
Unfortunately, there are no known treatments for vitiligo. Sometimes the process stops on its own. However, there are several treatments available to minimize the damage or bring some sort of reversal. All treatments are not for everyone, and the choice of treatment depends on factors such as the number and location of the patches, how widespread they are or the presence of other diseases in the patient. When it comes to vitiligo treatment India has seen patients opting for mostly invasive procedures.
Treatments for vitiligo
Treatments include medical, surgical or self-medications using cosmetics. Most treatments focus on restoring the color, or at minimum, evening out the tone. So far the best result has been obtained by a combination of UV light and creams. However, because of the risk of skin cancer, this is better avoided and used only when other methods have failed.Therefore it is necessary that before you opt for a treatment, you seek consultation from a top dermatologist in the country.
Certain drugs may be effective. For example, Topical calcipotriene (a form of vitamin D), tacrolimus or pimecrolimus ointments, etc. However, no drug can entirely stop vitiligo. If the depigmentation is widespread, removal of the remaining color is a good option. Surgical options include skin grafting, blister grafting or tattooing. Surgery is an option if drugs and laser therapy don’t work. When it comes to vitiligo treatment India will have patients from all over the country coming to Mumbai, since it has some of the best centres.
Vitiligo treatment in India can also be performed with the excimer laser, which can make a great difference to the hypopigmented skin patches.
Dr Rinky Kapoor is a leading dermatologist in the country. Cofounder of The Esthetic Clinics, Dr Rinky Kapoor has been a visiting fellow at the Stanford Medical School and has worked with some of the leading minds of the field. In fact, she is also a visiting fellow at the National Skin Care Centre at Singapore and has also won an award for the fellowship. Dr Rinky Kapoor and her centres, the Esthetic Clinics are based in Mumbai and will offer you the best vitiligo treatment Mumbai has available at the moment. So if you do have this condition, make sure you come to Mumbai and visit Dr Rinky Kapoor. Rest assured you will have the best dermatologist in the country offering you consultation and treatment.