Tag Archives: Skin care

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Skin Lightening Treatment | Cosmetic Dermatologist India

Skin Lightening Treatment in Mumbai, Skin Lightening Treatment Cost in Mumbai

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What is Skin its Cost and Mechanisms?

Skin lightening or skin brightening treatments are cosmetic procedures meant to bring out the natural color of the skin. The skin tries to protect itself against sun rays by increasing the production of tyrosinase enzyme, which in turn increases the production of melanin and hence the darker color of the skin. This is one of the main causes that the skin tone differs in different parts of our bodies. Most people see sharp differences between the face and torso skin tones and the top of the arm and hand skin tones.

Skin tone is an important ingredient of the beauty standards around the world. An even skin tone is always appreciated. The skin consists of many layers and one of them is the basial layer which is the innermost layer of the skin. This layer is the host for skin cells to divide and form the protective outer layer of the skin. the outer layer of the skin has melanocyte cells which produce melanin giving the skin its colour. Overproduction of the enzyme leads to hyperpigmentation and uneven skin tone.  The dark and light skin tone is a cause of bother for many. Fortunately, the perfect remedy for this is the skin-lightening treatment in Mumbai. These treatments aim to reduce the production of melanin and heal the skin to prevent hyperpigmentation in the future.

Achieving and maintaining an even skin tone can offer several advantages, both in terms of appearance and overall skin health. Here are some of the key advantages of having an even skin tone:

  • Enhanced appearance as the skin gets a smoother, youthful, and healthier look. Skin lightening treatments take care of skin imperfections like dark spots, redness, uneven pigmentation, melasma, etc., and bring out the natural skin radiance.
  • Boosted confidence because when you feel good about your skin, you feel more confident, and requiring less makeup boosts your self-esteem.
  • Less visible signs of aging as even skin tone reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles greatly.
  • Improved skin health and even skin tone go hand in hand. By addressing issues like hyperpigmentation, redness, and acne scars through skin-lightening treatments in Mumbai, you can promote better overall skin health. Treating these problems can also help prevent further damage.
  • Simplified makeup routine when your skin tone is even, you can opt for a more natural routine.
  • Reduced acne scaring with skin lightning treatments as the procedure helps fade acne scars and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, providing a smoother complexion and reducing the visibility of past breakouts.
  • Sun Damage Prevention: Achieving an even skin tone often involves protecting your skin from the sun’s harmful UV rays. This helps prevent sun damage, which can lead to issues like sunspots, redness, and uneven pigmentation.
  • Encouraging healthier skin habits such as using sunscreen regularly, adopting a suitable skincare routine, and avoiding habits that harm the skin come as a benefit of skin brightening treatments.


Cutting Edge Skin Lightening Treatments

It’s important to note that achieving and maintaining an even skin tone may require a combination of skincare practices, professional treatments, and lifestyle changes. Consulting with a dermatologist or skincare specialist can help you develop a personalized plan to address your specific skin concerns and enjoy the advantages of an even skin tone. The most common treatments include

  • Use Of Skin Brightening Products:

The common cosmetic products include Arbutin, Retinol, Vitamin C, Alpha Hydroxy Acids, and Kojic Acid. Arbutin helps in skin depigmentation and is an extract of the blueberry plant. Retinol is a popular anti-aging and skin-lightening ingredient, and it improves cell turnover collagen production and improves complexion. Kojic acid is a type of fungi and is used as a lightning as well as an anti-aging agent. It works by inhibiting melanin production. Alpha Hydroxy Acids are used to improve skin exfoliation and the popular ones are lactic acid, citric acid, glycolic acid, etc. Vitamin C protects against sun damage and keeps the skin elastic.

  • Prescription products

    Hydroquinone inhibits Skin melanin formation and pigmentation.

  • Medi Facials

    These are medical-grade facial procedures that are curated by dermatologists. They involve the use of specific creams, exfoliation, and techniques such as microdermabrasion, LED therapy, photo rejuvenation, and even lasers to amplify and elongate the results.

  • Microdermabrasion

    This procedure is one of the most popular skin-lightening treatments in Mumbai. This treatment uses a diamond tip tool to gently abrade the top layer of the skin. The abrasion removes skin imperfections and brings out the brighter skin under the layer of dead skin cells. Microdermabrasion injuries also help increase collagen production and improve skin firming.

  • Chemical Peels

    These are specific chemical mixes that when applied on the skin, remove the upper layer of the skin. the skin underneath is smoother and healthier as it regrows. However, chemical peels are not used on people who have darker complexions, skin pigmentations, cold sores, or scar tissues.

  • Glutathione

    This is a new age and the most popular skin-lightening treatment in Mumbai. Glutathione is naturally present in human cells and helps in boosting the immune system and detoxify the body. It is also an antioxidant and is used in the form of pills, injections, and lotions on the skin. When it interacts with the skin it works by lightening melanin colour and deactivating tyrosinase enzyme. It also reduces the appearance of scars and blemishes.

  • Mesotherapy

    This is a cosmetic procedure of delivering skin brightening agents directly to the skin layer. Mesotherapy creates tiny injuries in the skin and ingredients like glutathione, vitamin C, and Kojic acid are able to reach the deep layers of the skin. The result is improved hydration, facial rejuvenation, and reduction in free radical damage.

  • Laser Skin Resurfacing

    this is one of the most effective procedures for skin lightening. The laser light ablates the top layer of the skin and reveals the smoother, even-toned skin underneath. As the top layer of the skin vaporizes the new skin that grows under it is free of imperfections such as fine lines and hyperpigmentation, wrinkles, and patchy skin. Erbium, Q-switched, and fractional CO2 lasers are the most popularly used lasers for skin-lightening treatments.

There can be many reasons causing your skin to become darker and to look different for many reasons. Talk to your dermatologist about which treatment will for your skin how long will the results last and how to take care of your skin well to keep the results.

Skin Lightening Treatment Cost

The cost of skin lightening treatments in Mumbai, or any other location, can vary widely depending on several factors, including the type of treatment, the area to be treated, the severity of the skin condition, and the clinic or dermatologist you choose and the techniques used by the dermatologists. It’s essential to consult with a qualified dermatologist or skincare specialist for an accurate assessment of your specific needs and a personalized skin-lightening treatment cost estimate in Mumbai. Here are some common skin-lightening treatments and their approximate price ranges in Mumbai:

Chemical Peels:

Chemical peels can help improve skin texture and reduce pigmentation. The cost can range from ₹2,000 to ₹5,000 or more per session, depending on the type and depth of the peel.


This procedure uses tiny crystals to exfoliate the skin’s surface. Prices typically range from ₹1,500 to ₹4,000 per session.

Laser Skin Resurfacing:

Laser treatments for skin lightening can range from ₹5,000 to ₹20,000 or more per session, depending on the type of laser used and the area being treated. Multiple sessions may be required.

Topical Lightening Creams:

Over-the-counter and prescription skin-lightening creams can vary in cost. Prices can range from a few hundred rupees to several thousand rupees per product, depending on the brand and ingredients.

In-Office Lightening Treatments:

Dermatologists may offer in-office treatments like mesotherapy or intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy. Costs can vary widely, and it’s best to consult with the dermatologist for pricing.

Combination Treatments:

Some individuals may benefit from a combination of treatments, which can impact the overall cost.

The second impacting factor for the price of skin-lightening treatment in Mumbai is the extent of the area involved and the demographic location of the clinic.

It’s important to keep in mind that the number of sessions required for the desired results can also affect the total skin-lightening treatment cost in Mumbai. Additionally, follow-up appointments and maintenance treatments may be necessary to maintain the results over time.

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Celebrity Dermatologist in Mumbai

Skin Care Tips and Their Benefits By Celebrity Dermatologist in Mumbai

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Skincare can be confusing. Understanding which and what information to trust can be confusing because each skin is different and there are many factors that contribute to the health of the skin. No one product, routine, method, or skin treatment will always work the same for everyone.

The aim or shall we say the dream is the same for everyone and that is to have flawless, glowing, and radiant skin that stays that way throughout the day and life.

But with so many new products, routines, and treatments hitting the market every day it is difficult to figure out where to start, what to include, and what to avoid. On top of it with so many influencers and marketers doling out advice on the internet, it gets confusing day by day.

The best people to tell you what is right for the skin and what is not are the dermatologists. You know the basics, wash your face, sleep, be stress-free, and stay hydrated but how and what about in between?

Here are some expert skin care tips and their benefits suggested by celebrity dermatologists in Mumbai to get glowing skin ASAP without having to shell out tons of cash or follow some magical procedure claims


  • Treat Your Neck as An Extension To Your Face

    The skin on the neck is just as delicate as that of the face. Therefore, whatever products you apply on the face should go on the neck too. and don’t miss the back of the neck. Looking down on mobiles can make the necklines appear more pronounced and cause wrinkles. Hence apply moisturizer to the neck too in an upward motion against gravity. When applying sunscreen make sure you include the neck too.


  • Stay Away from Foaming Cleansers

    when shopping for cleansers the trick is to choose the right one for your skin and steer away from any foaming products. Foaming cleansers will dry your skin, strip the natural oils, and make it prone to breakouts.

    This means early onset of wrinkles and lines and increased sensitivity of the skin. If you have dry skin then opt for a moisturizing cleanser, for sun-damaged skin use an AHA cleanser. The top tip by dermatologists is to use a pre-cleanser before using a cleanser to make sure that the skin is clean and the oil balance is intact.


  • Sleep The Right Way

    This is one of the top anti-aging tips by celebrity dermatologists around the world. Did you know that on average we spend about 2500 hours sleeping?

    This is like ironing wrinkles on the skin. After UV exposure, lack of sleep is the second leading cause of premature aging. Sleep is our body’s way to reboot rest and get ready to accept what is coming. Seven to eight hours of sleep is important if you want your skin to be youthful-looking. And it is not just about sleeping, how you sleep and what you sleep on matters too. Replace the cotton pillowcases with clean silk pillowcases to prevent the skin from creasing. Silk is also easier on the hair. When sleeping make sure that the lower half of your face does not touch the pillow and the skin is not squished. Try sleeping on your back.


  • Products Go On From Thinnest To Thickest

    You know it is not good to use too many products but you also have to remember to use the products in the correct order. Don’t layer too much and too quickly, it will only cause breakouts and clogged pores. The right way is to start with the thing tonner and end with thick moisturizer and sunscreen. This will help the skin absorb each layer efficiently.


  • Exfoliate But Not Too Much:

    Our skin sheds about 50 million cells every day and not all of them fall off, some stay on the skin and cause clogging and make the skin look sullen. The best solution is to exfoliate and nudge the dead skin cells out.

    But limit the exfoliation to once or twice a week and be gentle with it. Don’t stop at your face, your body needs exfoliation too. Use targeted exfoliators such as AHAs and BHAs to clear the skin unclog the pores and leave behind clear and brightened skin.


  • There Is No Alternative to Sun Protection

    Rain or shine, indoors or outdoors even if you are stepping out for 15 minutes, sunscreen is a must. Even when you are driving a car flying in a plane or just sitting out on the balcony, the skin needs sunscreen.

    Unprotected UV exposure is the biggest contributor to visible and invisible signs of aging such as laser treatment for pigmentation, tanning, uneven skin tone, and breakouts. Remember to reapply sunscreen every 2-3 hours. And sun protection does not stop at sunscreen, you need to aid it with sunglasses, hats, SPF makeup, sun-protective clothing, etc. Remember sun protection is better than treating its damage after.


  • Avoid Touching Your Face

    Resist the urge to rest your face on your hands or frequently touch your face. Germs and bacteria can transfer from your hands to the face and cause breakouts, scarring, and even increased wrinkles. When you apply makeup make sure your hands or the makeup artist’s hands are clean and the contact is minimal.


  • Vitamins Go In And On Your Skin

    It is important and we know the importance of a good diet but don’t ignore the skin’s need for vitamins too. Include topical antioxidants such as thick vitamin C serum and creams that can nourish the skin.

    Vitamin A is good for cell turnover, vitamin C for fighting free radical damage, and Vitamin E for keeping the skin moisturized. Apply these after cleansing the skin or layer them under your sunscreen.


  • Select The Right Spot Treatment

    Talk to the skin melanin specialist, and recommend most celebrity dermatologists in Mumbai. Spot treatments are targeted treatments are should be used with care. For example, using a drying treatment for acne might make the blemish last longer and even cause scarring.

    Acne is an infection in the pore and it takes its own time to cure don’t try to rush it and use the products as directed. If you are trying to squeeze out a whitehead, then be gentle with it, and don’t try more than twice. If it needs more than that then it means it was not ready to come out and you have just injured your skin which can cause scarring.


  • Get A Skin Exam Regularly:

    Most skin issues can be avoided if care is taken. Visit a board-certified dermatologist every year by the time you turn 30. Have an expert look at the moles and scars, and changes in the skin texture. Celebrity dermatologists in Mumbai guide clients on how to include proper skin care and things to check.

    Skin cancer is easily curable if treated in early stages and it needs to be caught early. Being armed with information will help with better and more holistic skin care. Your dermatologist can also recommend the right skin rejuvenation treatments for a more youthful-looking skin.


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Our autoimmune system is one of the important components of our wellbeing. It plays an important role in keeping our immunity strong and hence the skin and organs healthy and protected. When it starts to behave in an erratic way, the human body suffers. Psoriasis and Vitiligo are two of the main issues that show up the skin when the auto immune system starts to malfunction.

While vitiligo appears in painless white patches, psoriasis is a condition that causes painful, itch, fish scales like silvery scales on the body. Psoriasis can sometimes affect full body or can remain contained and keep recurring in one area of the body. This autoimmune condition can trigger anytime and is not limed by age, sex, or ethnicity of the person. In psoriasis the skin becomes thick, inflamed and red and the person feels an urge to itch at all times. Unfortunately there is no single or a permanent cure to psoriasis, it is easy to manage the symptoms with careful and monitored treatments.

What causes psoriasis?

Psoriasis is one of the main causes of social embarrassment in many people. It affects about 3 % of the world population and still there is no single treatment line or medication for it that give guaranteed relief.

Research has shown that the cause of psoriasis lies inside the immune system. Our blood contains T cells (a type of white blood cells) whose main function is to activate and protect the body from outside infections and virus attacks. Because of some unknown triggers the T cells sometimes become active even when there is no foreign body attack and start producing cytokines. This sets of a chain of other immune responses that cause the skin cells to proliferate at a rate much faster than the normal. The immune system things of the healthy skin cells as foreign bodies and starts destroying them. The result is that dead skin cells start to accumulate on the surface along with inflammation or swelling. and new cells keep forming (keratinocytes). In a normal human body, it takes 30 days for new skin cells to form whereas in people suffering from psoriasis this cycles is shortened to just 3-4 days.  This causes formation of dry, flaky slivery scales and plaques on various parts of the body such as elbow, knees, scalp ears, nails, feet, hands, lips and eyelids.

The scales usually start as small red patches that are often mistaken as an allergy or injury but they can become bigger and itchier. There are many different kinds of psoriasis and it can happen in different parts of body. the correct treatment plan begins with correctly identifying the type of psoriasis, party of body it affects and the severity of it.

Types of psoriasis

  • Plaque psoriasis: this is the most common type of skin condition and affects about 80-90% of people. This causes raises red patches on the skin. that can be itchy or painful sometimes.
  • Inverse psoriasis which mainly affects the skin folds and causes shiny and discoloured scratches to appear on different parts of body such as armpits, groin, and other skin folds. They can even be red, purple or brown in colour.
  • Guttate psoriasis appears like small spots on the skin and is often seen after a throat infection. The spots are drop shaped and can be pink, red or purple in colour.
  • Pustular psoriasis looks like pus filled blisters on the skin sitting on top of the red plaques. It usually affects palms and soles.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis usually affects large areas of skin and is a severe form of this skin diseases. Skin shedding is widespread in it appears as if sheets of skin are peeling. It causes discoloration of the skin and is often trigged by sunburn, infection and not taking psoriasis treatments.
  • Sebopsoriasis affects face and scalp the most and the scales appear like dandruff and are greasy and yellow scales.
  • Nail psoriasis has symptoms like pitting of nails and changes in the structure of fingernails and toenails.

Why is psoriasis treatment necessary?

For most people, skin care and dermatologist visits are often the last priority and they try to treat this skin condition with home remedies such as using moisturizing creams and gels. However, when not treated in time the flaky, slivery scales of psoriasis can have severe health implications such as

  • Pain and inflammation joints that makes it difficult for a person to walk or do daily activities normal. This is termed as psoriasis arthritis.
  • Inflammatory diseases in other organs of body
  • Heat diseases and hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Lupus
  • Weight gain and obesity
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Septicaemia
  • Heart failure
  • Eyes disorders and conjunctivitis
  • Complications in normal pregnancy
  • PCOS
  • Pneumonia

Suicidal tendencies, depression, shame and mental trauma are some of the common psychological damages of psoriasis. These challenges can be long lasting. The age group of 15-35 is most commonly affected by this condition. Psoriasis can be genetic too and biological parents can pass this condition down to their children. The good news is that it is not contagious i.e., does not spread on contact. The main roadblocks in time treatment of psoriasis are lack of awareness, and education among people. Ignorance in seeking the correct diagnosis can make psoriasis a life long suffering for those effected.

Treatment options for psoriasis

The quest for finding the permanent treatment for psoriasis dates back to the 1800s. The right doctor to treatment psoriasis is an experience dermatologist. The effects of this condition are more than skin deep. Apart from genetics, environmental factors are also seen as primary causes of psoriasis. Simple treatments go a long way in making its management easier and bringing the much needed relief to the patient.

There is no known pattern of psoriasis, it can improve or become worse at any time. Some people do not see any flare of psoriasis for years and then suddenly see a flare up. One needs to be on a constant watch with psoriasis and work closely with the dermatologist to work out a skin care routine that works well. Psoriasis can show up on elbows, knees, scalp, genitals, lower back, palms and feet, fingernails and toenails and insides of the mouth. You need to talk to your doctor if you notice:

  • Raised and scaly skin plaques
  • Dry skin with cracks on surface that bleed
  • Burning, itching, and soreness sensations on the affected kin
  • Random discoloured patches
  • Swelling and pain in joints
  • Cracked, pitted and weak nails.

Psoriasis treatment plan

The treatment for psoriasis includes both lifestyle changes and professional treatments. Here is how you can use the modern treatments and modify your lifestyle to manage psoriasis symptoms and ease the discomfort.

  • Understand the symptoms: Shiny, small, slivery scales on the skin are the most common symptom of psoriasis. They are often accompanied by dryness, cracks, itching, rashes on the skin. The symptoms come and go and therefore keep a close watch on the skin and consult the doctor immediately on noticing any symptoms.
  • Know the triggers: Psoriasis can be triggered by many things such as obesity, stress, cold weather, changes in the environment, pollutants etc. These triggers are different for everybody. Understand what triggers skin changes in your body and learn to manage them.
  • Treatment options: Doctors use a combination of various treatments and therapies to reduce the symptoms and appearance of psoriasis. These include
    • Topical or over the counter medications: these include creams, lotions, foams etc. that are applied directly on the affected areas of the skin. they are the first line of treatment and used to treat mild to moderate psoriasis. They contain various options are corticosteroids, emollients, coal tar, retinoids etc that slow down the effect of immune cells on the skin. They should only be used as directed. Oral retinoids are used to reduce cell grown is used to treat pustular psoriasis.
    • Biologics: These are the new age treatments that are made from the living materials. These drugs are immune therapy medications and alter the immune system. They also bring down skin inflammations. Biologics are suitable for treatment of moderate to serious arthritis. The most commonly used biologics are Adalimumab, Bimekizumab, Brodalumab, Tofacitinib (oral), Ustekinumab etc.
    • Dithranol: This is the oldest known treatment for treating plaque psoriasis. This medicine is applied on the skin and reduces the production of new skin cells. Using a very concentrated form of this cream can cause burns on the skin and hence it should be used under supervision.
    • Coal tar ointment and shampoo: This age old treatment reduces itching and scaliness but can make the skin sensitive to sunlight and dryness.
    • Phototherapy: Sitting in sun is an age old treatment for psoriasis. Phototherapy uses a combination of natural and artificial light to target the fast shedding skin cells and slow down the growth of the new cells. This treatment is only done in the doctor’s office as an outpatient procedure.

Follow the instructions of your dermatologist regarding right way to use the treatments. Do not try to over use tor underuse the treatments. It can cause skin damage and spread of the disease. You can also use some home treatments such as

  • Salt baths
  • Colloidal oatmeal
  • Application of aloe vera gel
  • Apple cider vinegar

Skin, hair and nail care in psoriasis

This is an important part of psoriasis treatment. Here are some simple tips to help you along

  • Don’t buy any product that claims to be the ‘cure’ of psoriasis
  • When choose skin and hair products choose those which are alcohol free, hypoallergenic. Look for ingredients like ceramides, lipids, hyaluronic acids since these help in keeping the skin moisturized and reduce the scaling and salicylic acid that helps by reducing flaking. Also include retinoids in your night skin care to reduce the dark spots caused because of psoriasis.
  • Gel based products are a no-no as they can aggravate the symptoms
  • UV light slow down the growth of skin cells and small healthy doses of sun are good for your skin. but avoid the peak sunlight hours and always use sunscreen.
  • Protect the skin from injury. Cuts, nicks and scrapes can cause skin irritation and increase the symptoms.
  • Don’t scratch your skin even when it is itching. Use the itch cream as directe4d
  • Avoid using hot and long showers as they strip the body of the essential moisture.
  • Don’t rub the skin with towel. Just pat dry
  • Prevent dry skin at all times. Apply a moisturizer immediately after shower, carry a bottle of moisturizer with you and use it every time the skin feels dry.
  • Use a soft bristle hair brush and brush gently, don’t press it against the scalp.
  • Limit hot treatments to the hair
  • Avoid colouring and perming during the psoriasis flares.
  • Keep your nails short
  • Wear gloves and mask when doing housework. If you have nail psoriasis then wear cotton gloves and latex gloves on top of them when doing housework.
  • Avoid irritating the cuticles
  • Don’t bite or chew your nails
  • Avoid nail treatments.
  • Wear soft fabrics that do not rub against the skin
  • Give up on smoking and drugs
  • Cut down on alcohol
  • Treat any skin injuries immediately
  • Take a diet rich in fish oil, vitamin D, seeds, nuts, turmeric, and omega 3- fatty acids .
  • Exercise daily to reduce the risk of chronic issues and keep the weight under control.

Psoriasis treatment cost

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disorder which can flare up anytime. There is no definite cost of the treatment because it is a lifelong process. The cost depends on the type of treatment and severity of the condition. Topical medications cost very less whereas treatments like the use of biologics can be high. Other hidden costs in psoriasis treatments comprise of consultation fees, diagnostic tests, follow up visits etc. To endure you get a treatment for psoriasis that is not only cost effective but also successful, discuss both aspects with your doctor and insurance provider.

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Vitiligo or Leucoderma is an auto immune disease that causes the skin to lose its natural colour. As a result, the skin appears white in patches. This condition can affect men, women and children and there is no known cause of it.  The patches are formed because the disorders causes the melanocytes (pigment responsible for skin colour) to perish, leaving the skin with no pigment at all.

Vitiligo can affect any part of the body at any age. It can even be seen inside the mouth or on the scalp (changing the hair colour). White it is not a painful condition or itching or generally leads to any issues with physical functioning of the body, it can affect the mental health of the person greatly. People with vitiligo often feel self-conscious about the white patches and in some cultures it is also seen as a ‘curse’ causing a person to withdraw from the society.  Vitiligo white patches are more visible in people with darker skin because of the stark contrast with the pigmented skin. The pale and discoloured patches of vitiligo can be seen most only face, neck, hands, and the skin folds.

What causes vitiligo?

The autoimmune cells in the body see the regular melanin producing cells as their ‘enemy’ and start killing the healthy pigment cells. One theory is that that it is possible that melanocytes self-destroy themselves and cause the skin to become pale. Vitiligo can happen any time up to the age of forty. Usually, it is small spot and that increases in time but there are no other symptoms. Scientists list many probable causes of vitiligo such as

  • Genetic disposition
  • Emotional distress or trauma
  • Sun exposure and sunburn
  • Addison disease
  • Vitamin B 12 deficiency
  • Anaemia
  • Thyroid (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism)
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Alopecia areata


Treatment for Vitiligo

Treatment for vitiligo is a purely personal choice. It is mostly done for cosmetic reasons. Laser is the most popular treatment option for re-pigmenting the skin. Vitiligo has a lot of stigma attached to it and in the Indian subcontinent where dark skin is more prevalent, people suffering from vitiligo are often made fun off because their appearance. Vitiligo patients are often treated differently because

  • Lack of education and awareness about this un contagious skin condition
  • It is often seen the same way as leprosy
  • There is no known reason or a 100% cure for vitiligo
  • Of half of the people suffering from vitiligo most develop it by the age of 20 and in rest it develops before the age of 40
  • It is sometimes genetic and therefore most portions of the society feel it is cursed
  • There is no way of determining whether vitiligo will spread as the time passes

There is a lot of uncertainty in the minds of the vitiligo patients regarding their looks and vitiligo treatment. Vitiligo patches are often looked down upon as dirty and disfiguring. In some cases, society has even gone to the extent of relating the white patches to past life dues.

Types of vitiligo

Depending on the severity of the vitiligo and the extent of body area affected by it, vitiligo is classified as

  • Focal which affects only few area body and remains centred there.
  • Segmental which affects only one side of the body
  • Generalized vitiligo is characterized by loss of skin pigment all over the body and across the body in a symmetrical fashion
  • Occupational vitiligo is a rare form of the condition and is caused because of exposure to industrial chemicals for example those used to make rubber.

Traditional temporary treatment methods for vitiligo include camouflage using makeup, dyes and tanners, topical steroid medicine and permanent ones includes surgery to replace the vitiligo patches. But each of these treatment methods has its own drawbacks and limitations. lasers have emerged as a more successful treatment for vitiligo that restores colour to the discoloured skin.

Laser treatment for vitiligo works in two ways

  • If the patient has small patches of de pigmented skin then laser can be focused on the specific areas only.
  • On the other hand if the vitiligo is wide spread then a special light chamber is used to expose the whole body to laser beam.

Laser helps by evening out the skin tone but it is also not a cure for vitiligo. There are different kinds of lasers that can be used and it depends on the individual’s condition and skin type. The most commonly used laser for vitiligo treatment is the Excimer laser.

Excimer laser

Also known as the XTRAC, the Excimer laser has some particular characteristics such as

  • It uses UVB light for treatment
  • The wavelength is 308 nanometres
  • It is used to treat localized vitiligo
  • This type of laser has been successful for patients whose vitiligo has responded well to other topical treatment methods.
  • The laser does not expose the surround areas to radiation and treats only the affected patches.
  • It even reaches the places which are difficult to reach with other treatments such as phototherapy.
  • It is safe to use on children.
  • It has been effective for more than 70% of people. However, the results are only effective for about a year.
  • The results are visible a few months after the treatment.


The UVB light from the Excimer laser enhances the immune response of the body. This in turn triggers or stimulates the product of more melanocytes and the pale patches see a rise in melanin.

Laser is a painless procedure and each session takes only about half an hour to complete. Excimer laser is usually done in twice weekly session over a period of 4-6 months.

Side effects of Excimer laser

  • It can cause blisters on skin
  • It called reddening of the skin
  • Results in hyperpigmentation or darkening
  • Can cause skin lesions

The other lasers used for vitiligo treatment in Mumbai include

  • Helium neon lasers
  • Ti: Sapphire lasers
  • UVA 1 lasers
  • Fractional ablative lasers
  • Q switched lasers

Every laser works differently and is chosen according to the disease’s specific characteristic such as location, activity, type and extent. For example

  • Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers are considered safe and rapidly action and effective in depigmentation for most patients. It does not need any maintenance sessions. It is usually used in patients who have more than 80% depigmented areas or have an universal vitiligo (90% of depigmented area). This treatment is often used along with bleaching creams and sunscreen to give most effective results.
  • Fractional ablative lasers create tiny microscopic wounds on the skin of the affected areas and trigger the immune system response to the injuries. This stimulates melanocytes cells in to production and helps cover the vitiligo affected areas. These are also used to improve the results of NB-UVB treatments.
  • Fractional CO2 lasers cause the pale areas to contract and this can temporarily reduce the size of vitiligo patches
  • Ti: Sapphire lasers are often used as an alternative to the excimer lasers.

Who is laser treatment for vitiligo suitable for?

  • Lasers work for people with all age groups and skin tones.
  • Some lasers might not work for children and children with extensive vitiligo are treated using narrowband UVB wavelength.

Aftercare after laser vitiligo treatment

Lasers do not require hospitalization and there is no need to take time off from work or a break from regular life but you will still need to take care of your skin by

  • Avoiding sun and wearing sunscreen every time you are outdoors
  • Gently cleaning the area twice daily
  • Using the creams and lotions given by the dermatologist
  • Avoid using retinols and glycolic acids on the skin till the time the laser sessions are on
  • Keeping the treated area moisturized and regularly using lightening cream to maintain skin hydration and preventing changes in pigments.
  • Staying away from treatments like bleaching, hair colouring, straightening, perming and facials.
  • Avoiding tanning treatments etc for 4 weeks before the treatment.

Vitiligo laser treatment cost in India

The cost of vitiligo laser treatment in India depends on

  • The extent of vitiligo spread
  • The areas being treated
  • The number of sessions needed to get the desired results
  • The fees of the dermatologist
  • The clinic costs

Vitiligo surgery cost in India much higher than the laser treatments. Surgery is only done for patients who have a stable vitiligo and rest of the treatments have not worked. Vitiligo surgery needs enough pigmented areas on the skin to cover the pale and white patches of the skin. Talk to the clinic about insurance coverage and payment plans regarding the laser vitiligo treatment.

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The environment around us is changing every day and so is the way you take care of your skin. The skin goes through a lot of intrinsic and extrinsic stress every day and hence your skin care routine also needs to evolve to combat all kind of dynamic stress and keep the skin healthy, strong and bright.

For ages now facials have been one of the favourite skin treatments for women for some advanced skin care.  Facials are usually done in beauty salons and anybody with a basic knowledge of massage techniques usually calls themselves a facial expert. While facials do help in improving circulation in the skin and giving it a temporary glow they have many disadvantages too such as

  • Facials do not address the core skin issue. While there are some general facials such as brightening, glow etc. they are not specific formulations to treat acne, or exfoliate the skin.
  • Facials do not have long term effects and have superficial results. The creams and packs of facials target the top layer of the skin only and hence the results fade as the skin regenerates itself.
  • Thirdly facials if not done according to skin type or by an expert can cause damage to the skin in forms of breakouts, acne and rashes.
  • Usually involve the use of chemical bleaches that harm the top layer of the skin and may lead to premature sings of ageing.

Facials have now become old school and the latest advancement in non-invasive beauty treatments are Medi-facial or Medical facials. You will not see them in your every neighbourhood salons as they are only done by a qualified and experienced dermatologist who will help your skin look flawless.

What are Medi facials?

In principle they are just like your regular facials but with much more advanced techniques and ingredients. These dermatological treatments use well researched and scientific ingredients to solve multiple skin issues and bring the youthful and rested glow back to the skin. Medical facials (medicine + facials) are not just use of creams, and packs but they include skin care tools to target specific skin aliment like skin damage, sensitivity, dehydration, lack lustre skin, skin darkening, dark spots , blemishes, scarring etc.

Medi facials are made with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, amino acids, botanicals and other skin essential nutrients that are good for the skin and give long term benefits. They don’t just work on the surface of the skin, instead they nourish and rejuvenate it from inside resulting in beautiful skin without any side effects. The best thing about a Medi facial treatment is that it can be customized to suit every skin type- even the extra sensitive one!

How are Medi-facials different from your regular facials?

A Medi facial is an enhanced treatment devised with a specific goal in mind for the skin. it is not about skin pampering but it is about improving the skin’s underlying health. The results of regular facial are only skin deep whereas Medi facials penetrate the dermis thus promoting healing and repair at a much deeper level.

Medi facials are delivered by trained cosmetologist, dermatologist and skin experts to address various skin troubles like sun damage, skin spots, broken capillaries, signs of ageing and many more.

How to Choose the Right Medi Facial Treatment for Your Skin Concerns

Medi facials are of many different types. They are suitable for everybody because the skin experts use specific skin type ingredient to treat the skin disorder. They have gained a lot of popularity in the recent years and this is not just hearsay. Even a single session of Medi-facial can be exceptionally beneficial for you by

  • Having a calming and soothing effect for your skin. it will bring down swelling and inflammation on the skin. A Medi-facial expert knows how to use the right amount of pression to relax, renew and glow your skin.
  • Helping treat acne and reduce the bacterial breakouts as the special anti-acne serums reach the deep layers of the skin helping clean the pores and maintain the healthy oil balance.
  • Giving an even skin tone and texture to the skin. The various techniques used stimulate collagen production and elastin development in the skin that help tighten and lift the skin and you can bid good bye to the visible sings of ageing such as fine lines, wrinkles, spots etc.
  • Being customization as per your skin type: Medi facials can be designed for sensitive, oil, normal and dry skin as well.
  • They are safe and clinically proven: Medi facials use a combination of lasers, light therapy, chemical and physical exfoliation and skin care ingredients to treat the skin without causing any damage.
  • Being completely safe: A Medical facial is always done under supervision or by an expert dermatologist and there is no question of skin damage or burns.
  • Having unique formulations for medical skin concerns. These active formulations work faster and show good results. The skin care expert has the freedom to chose the potency of the ingredients.
  • Encouraging long term skin care since these skin treatments are done in a clinic, you will be given prescriptions skin care to maximize the benefits resulting in better and more efficient skin care.

Medi-facials give immediate results and still continue to heal the skin from inside. They are suitable for any men or women who are worried about as specific skin aliment. In order to chose the right Medi facial it is important to consult a dermatologist and understand the procedure to make an informed decision.

The skin expert will take into account your skin type, lifestyle, medical history and the current state of your skin and skin goas for the future before recommending the best facial formulation for the skin. To help you understand what constitutes in a typical Medi facial, here is a list and description of the techniques used and the types of facials offered by top dermatologists


The skin specialist can use various techniques like

  • LED therapy which uses red and blue light therapy to reach the inner layers of the skin to help stimulate skin tightening and reduce the signs of ageing.
  • Dermaplaning or microplanning gently removes or exfoliates the top layer of the skin to clear the clogged pores and improve cell turnover.
  • Chemical peels are a way of chemical skin exfoliation to reduce the superficial signs of ageing and even out the skint texture.
  • Microdermabrasion is the highly advanced exfoliation technique in which the top layer of the skin is gently removed using crystals or a diamond tipped exfoliation device.
  • Mesotherapy: This is a procedure in which vitamins and nutrients are injected in the skin layers using microneedles. This way the delivery is direct to the target areas.
  • Photo rejuvenation
  • Dermatologists use electroporation to help the serum penetrate deeper in the skin for better and effective results.

Types of Medi facials


Here is a list of some of the most popular Medical facials.



These are the most popular of Medi facials aimed to add hydration to the skin. This type of facial includes deep cleansing and exfoliation using chemicals like glycolic and salicylic acid. The process removes blackheads, whiteheads and cleans out the pores by removing the dead skin cells. Active serums used in hydra facial are peptides, vitamin C, arbutin, to sooth the fine lines and improve skin elasticity and the technique used is LED light therapy to treat acne and inflammation and lymphatic draining to remove toxins from the skin. Hydra facial is very effective for people with oily or acne prone skin and gives an immediate plumping effect on the skin.

Korean glass skin facial

This is the new age Medi Facial is a five-step procedure that will give you a glass looking Korean skin in no time at all. This facial involves cleaning the skin, a facial massage, dermabrasion and then application of serum and moisturization to deeply hydrate the skin and give it a glassy look. Korean skin facial brightens the skin and lends it a translucent glow free of signs of ageing.

Deep cleansing facial

This much needed Medical Facial pampers your skin in the best possible way. It include cleansing, exfoliation, removal of blackheads and whiteheads, stem to open the pores and clean out the debris, and a relaxing facial massage to improve circulation and drainage from the skin. This deep cleansing facial also help prevent further build-ups under the skin. This is a great facial for people bothered by oily and congested skin.

Anti-ageing facial

Aging is the biggest woe of a healthy skin. ageing is not only about lines and wrinkles but it also causes saggy, dry and dehydrated skin that takes the sparkle away. An anti-ageing facial includes skin healing procedures such as cleansing with vitamin C cleanser, then an high speed micro jet exfoliation, followed by an enzyme infused chemical peel and serum to reduce the signs of ageing and improve collagen in skin. other ingredients used include micro hyaluronic acid, seaweed extracts, etc that keep the skin hydrated for long. Anti-ageing facials can also include Botox and dermal fillers to add volume to the skin.

Fire and ice facial

As the name suggests this is an intensive clinical treatment that includes a series of hot and cold treatments to the patient. The basic steps include cleansing, resurfacing, and moisturizing the skin. This facial is recommended for people who are bothered by the fine lines, wrinkles and uneven texture on the skin. The benefit is recharged cell turnover, supple and smoother skin and visible reduced fine lines, hyperpigmentation and wrinkles.

The fire part is a special mask that causes mild burning sensation on the skin. This mask is a hydrating and removes debris clogging the pores and contains ingredients like niacin, retinol, botanical acids, clay. The ice part of the facial is another mask that soothes the skin and it contains hyaluronic acid, rosemary and green tea extracts to ensure deep moisturization and hydration for the skin.

Nutraceutical Facial or OML facial

This new age Medi facial uses an oxygen bubble created using high pressure, microdermabrasion and LED light therapy to inject serums in to deep layers of the skin. The aim of this facial is to manage fine lines, wrinkles, and other skin disorders. This facial enables high level of collagen production and results in an even complexion skin. it is suitable for people looking to correct signs of ageing and hyperpigmentation on the skin.

Hollywood/Bollywood/ Red Carpet Facials

As the same indicates this facial gives you the clear, glowing and bright looking skin just like your favourite celebrity. If you are struggling with blackheads, fine lines and uneven complexion then this is the perfect choice for you. The steps include exfoliation, use of laser light to encourage collage production and reduce signs of ageing.

Results of Medi Facials

Though you can see immediate change in your skin after the facial treatment but the actual rejuvenation on the skin will be fully visible in about 10-15 days. The dermatologists will give you instructions and recommend nourishing products that will ensure long term effects of the facials. The results of a Medi facials include

  • Reduced inflammation and anti-bacterial effect on the skin
  • Tighter and firmer skin
  • Evened out complexion and soft and supple skin
  • Relaxed and stress-free skin

Medi facials are painless and non-invasive and there is no downtime. Your skin specialist will also recommend the number of sittings needed to get the desired effect on the face. Medi facials can be repeated after four to six weeks in most cases.

Medi Facial treatment cost

A Medi Facial treatment cost varies depending on many factors such as

  • Your skin concern and the type of facial treatment
  • The number of treatment sessions needed
  • Location of the clinic
  • Experience level of the practitioner
  • The advance levels of treatments used in the facial such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion and laser skin resurfacing

Many clinics offer Medi facial treatment packages that include full multiple sessions and follow ups. But these procedures are not covered by insurance so make sure you talk to the clinic about payment plans and available promotions.

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Eyes are the windows of the soul and you would have heard many poems about the same. But what happens when these windows have dark sills. It takes away all the shine from the windows. The same is true with the eyes, their beauty is often marred by the dark circles. Also called as periorbital hyperpigmentation, dark circles can be temporary or permanent.

Dark circles can also be an indication of an underlying problem with the body. They affect the overall appearance of the body. dark circles dim the shine of the eyes and can make you look aged beyond years. In the fast-paced world of today most of us are suffering from dark circles. Disturbed sleep schedules and eating habits only make them worse. We do resort to some home remedies but they only lighten the dark circles and not remove them. And rubbing just makes them worse.

In order to know the best way to get rid of the dark circles it is important to understand that there are different kinds of dark circles and each needs to be treated differently.  There are two ways that dark circles hamper the natural beauty of the skin and face. They make the appearance look tired, sleepy, and sad.

What is the reason of dark circles?

Our eyes and the skin around it is very delicate and more susceptible to damage because of ageing or any other issue that affects the skin. Creams and lotions work for some but not a solution for everybody. Lets first take a look at the factors that might be causing your dark circles.

  • Genetics: It might be hard to believe but dark circles can be in your genes. If you mother or grandmother has dark circles then it is a high probability that you will also get it.
  • Dehydration: when you don’t drink enough water the body goes in a preservation mode and the skin under the eye stats to look dull and dry and has a sunken look.
  • Incomplete nutrition: Vitamin deficiencies such as Vitamin K, Vitamin A and Vitamin B complex can cause under eye dark circles
  • Strain and fatigue: Mobiles, laptops, lack of sleep and even over sleeping can causse stress and strain on the eyes and hence the dark circles.
  • Nasal congestion: Inflammations such as sinuses, or congestion cause the veins under the eyes and nose to darken and dark circles appear.
  • Ageing: This is the most common reason of periorbital hyperpigmentation. Since the under-eye skin is very delicate it ages faster than the rest of the skin. this makes the blood vessels and veins more visible and obvious under the eyes.
  • Lifestyle habits: watching late night screen time, smoking and alcohol abuse, excessive caffeine consumption cause skin damage and make the dark circles more pronounced.
  • Rubbing the eyes: many people make the mistake of rubbing the eyes in a effort to promote blood circulationbut it only makes the dark circles more pronounced.
  • Medications: Certain medications such as birth control pills, blood thinners etc can cause the blood vessels to dilate and become more pronounced from under the skin giving the appearance of dark circles
  • Underlying diseases such as hypothyroidism, liver disease, malnutrition etc. also cause hollows under the eyes. Your doctor will ask for a check up to figure out any such issue and recommend treatments accordingly. Adjusting your medication and being vigilant about the disease can help the dark circles disappear on their own.

Even babies and children are affected by dark circles the same way as adults. It can be because of fatigue, genetics, rubbing the eyes or caused by minor illnesses such as dehydration, snoring and injuries.


Did you know that dark circles can indirectly cause skin problems too? Using makeup to conceal the dark circles has too big disadvantages

  • It is not permanent and looks unnatural in some time
  • Wearing makeup for too long or not removing it properly can cause breakouts and pigmentation on the skin

Hence if you really want to get rid of dark circles then the best way to consult a top dermatologist and work out a way to get rid of dark circles permanently.

How to get rid of dark circles permanently?

There are a number of methods that are effective in reduce the dark circles and giving the eyes a wide, rested and youthful look. Not all of the treatments are permanent but with keeping a good lifestyle and taking good care of your skin you can keep dark circles away for a long time. Dark circles are more common in people

  • Who are of older age because of loss of fatty tissue and thinning of skin around the eyes
  • With darker skin tone because of changes in pigmentation
  • Who have dark circles in their genes.

Types of dark circle treatments

  • Use of topicals: Mild forms of dark circles are often treated with the use of topicals. These act as depigmentation and exfoliating agents. The common topical include Retin A which blocks the chemical reactions during the formation of melanocytes, Hydroquinone which is a bleaching agent and destroys the melanin forming cells, Kojic acid, azelaic acid etc. Other popular topic is the use of vitamin C which not only hides the blood stasis colour but also promotes natural collagen production. You can see the results of topical in about four to six weeks.
  • Soft tissue fillers: dermal fillers such as hyaluronic acid gels add volume to the thin skin present in the lower eyelid area thus filling the hollows and triggering collagen production. This also helps in strengthening the structure of skin and gives a natural looking effect. Fillers last for up to one year.
  • Chemical peels: The mix of acids in the chemical peels gently removes the top layer of the skin containing melanin. Deep chemical peels can also modulate the melanin content in the deeper layers of the skin. The most commonly used acid in chemical peels is Glycolic acid. Since the area around the eyes is very sensitive, peels need to be applied and removed carefully to avoid any damage to the eyes. The effects last for about 3-6 months.
  • Fat transplant: This is a slightly invasive technique used for restoring volume to the under-eye area. Autologous fat transplantation involves taking fat from one area of body and injecting under the lower eyelid skin. this gives an immediate volumizing and anti-ageing effect to the lower eyelid and the mid face. This lasts for about 2 years.
  • Lasers for permanently removing dark circles: lasers are the gold standard treatment for saying bye-bye to the dark circles permanently. Lasers are non-ablative i.e., they do not damage the skin and painless. They have zero downtime and almost nil side effects. Lasers target the specific pigments and dark vessels only. Not only this, they also induce collagen production that keeps the skin tighter, fuller and attractive. Traditional lasers for dark circle treatments is Q switched ruby laser (694nm) ND: YAG laser (1064 nm)  and Q switched Alexandrite laser but they did have side effect of redness and uneven pigmentation under the skin. Modern lasers such as the Erbium laser, pulse dye laser and diode lasers along with IPL are much more precise and effective in getting the troublesome pigmentation under the eyes out of the way and making your eyes look alert and bright. Laser treatments are done in multiple sessions to get the complete result. One session of lasers takes about 20 minutes.
  • Platelet rich plasma therapy: Dark circles under the eyes can also be treated by infusing good plasma into them. The good platelets are taken from the patient’s body and injected under the eyes. This helps rude the wrinkles and fine lines under the eyes and also cures the dark circles.
  • Optical light diffusers: they are skin care ingredients that scatter the light away from the skin. as a result, the skin appears lighter and even tones. This is a very suitable option for people suffering from structural dark circles. The scatter molecules fill in the depressions in the skin. it also reduces the puffiness of the skin.
  • Blepharoplasty or surgery to remove dark circles: This invasive procedure reduces dark circles or shadows under the eyes by removing the excess fat deposit and skin from the lower eyelid area. blepharoplasty also reduces the fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes.

The treatment for dark circles gives instant results but be mindful that if you don’t take care of the skin and take active steps to prevent pigmentation and fat deposits under the eyes, dark circles can reappear. Here are some simple things you can do at home to prevent dark circles from reoccurring

  • Get adequate sleep of minimum seven hours each night
  • While sleeping elevate your health with extra pillow to prevent fluid accumulation under the eyes.
  • Quit smoking and reduce alcohol consumption at it causes pigmentation and dull ness under the skin
  • Use cold compress on your helps to help them relax and shrink the dilated blood vessels.
  • Wear sunscreen in summers, winters, rains and spring season. The SPF should be a minimum of 30 and above.
  • Cucumbers and tea bags help reduce the puffiness under the eyes and improve blood circulation.
  • Find ways to remove and manage stress by exercising and meditating regularly.

Cost of removing dark circles permanently

Different types of dark circles are treated with different methods. the cost depends on the cause of dark circles and the suitable treatment for the same. Structural dark circles can be reduced with the use of optical diffusers and dermal fillers, whereas pigmented dark circles are treated with lasers.

The cost of removing dark circles permanent varies with the method and duration of the treatment. laser therapy treatment for dark circles cost in India can be about Rs 10000 to Rs 25000 per session. But lasers have long term effect and therefore it makes them worth paying slightly higher prices. Topical creams cost anywhere from between few hundreds to thousand rupees. Peels range from INR 3,000 to INR 8,000 per session and soft tissue fillers cost in India to treat dark circles ranges from INR 15,000 to INR 30,000 per session. Surgical procedures cost the most to up to one lakh fifty thousand rupees. It is important to note that the cost of treatment can vary depending on the location of the clinic, the experience of the doctor, and the severity of the dark circles. It is recommended to consult with a dermatologist or plastic surgeon to determine the best course of treatment and the associated costs.


About Dr. Rinky Kapoor

Dr. Rinky Kapoor- Best Dermatologists in Mumbai, India

Dr. Rinky Kapoor, Co-founder of The Esthetic Clinics, is one of the best dermatologists in the world & currently practices in Mumbai, India. Dr. Rinky Kapoor is a Consultant Cosmetic Dermatologist, Cosmetologist & Trichologist at S L Raheja Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, India. Dr. Kapoor is trained at the National Skin Centre, Singapore & at Stanford University, USA. A celebrity skin doctor, Dr. Rinky Kapoor has won many honors such as “Best Dermatologist in Mumbai”, “Most Valuable & Admired Cosmetic Dermatologist in India” & “Best Dermatologist in India”, etc for her expert dermatology care, affordable & reliable skin care, hair care & nail care Read more

Expertise In

• Skin diseases
• Sexually transmitted diseases
• Hair disorders
• Nail disorders
• Cosmetic skin treatments
• Skin surgeries
• Laser skin treatments

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